Social Security Law
Social security is designed, as the title suggests, to provide security. To protect individuals from unforeseen catastrophes, the government spreads certain risks among all members of society so that no single family bears the full burden of such occurrences.
In the United States, the Social Security Program was created in 1935 (42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.) to provide old age, survivors, and disability insurance benefits to workers and their families. Unlike welfare, social security benefits are paid to an individual or his or her family at least in part on the basis of that person’s employment record and prior contributions to the system. The program is administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA). Since the establishment of the Medicare program in 1965, it and Social Security have been closely linked. While the original act used “Social Security” in a broader sense, including federally funded welfare programs and unemployment compensation within its scope, and the Medicare legislature took the form of amendments to that act, current usage associates the phrase with old age, survivors, and disability insurance.